13 March 2019

March 15, 2019 marks 25 years since the adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus.

The Constitution Day of the Republic of Belarus is a state holiday, which is celebrated annually in the country on March 15, according to the Decree of the President of the Republic of March 26, 1998 № 157.

The first Constitution in power on the territory of our country, and the first on the entire European continent was the Constitution of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, adopted on May 3, 1791. Then it acted less than two years. Soon, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth itself ceased to exist. Nevertheless, memory of it was preserved throughout the next century.

Moreover, the Constitution of the SSRB of February 3, 1919 can be considered the first, purely Belarusian and legally strong. It was it that served as the basis for the construction of Belarusian Soviet statehood.

The Constitution of the BSSR, adopted in 1927, is unique because it was published in four languages ​​recognized as state languages at once: Belarusian, Yiddish, Polish, Russian. However, the Soviet republics were forced to change their legislation after the adoption of the all-Union Constitution in 1936. So the BSSR Constitution of February 19, 1937 appeared. The Basic Law of the BSSR of April 14, 1978, following the new Soviet Constitution of 1977, was adopted on the same principle. At its core, the Constitutions of 1937 and 1978 were part of the legislative apparatus of the Soviet Union.

After the Republic of Belarus gained independence, it became necessary to create a new Constitution that would correspond to the realities of its time. The writing process dragged on for three long years. As a result, on March 15, 1994, the first Constitution of the independent Republic of Belarus was adopted. Following constitutional principles and norms significantly expanded the scope of right and law in the country, opened the door to the development of civil society, gave impetus to constitutional justice and a new judicial system, strengthened the republic.

We all live in Belarus and are citizens of the Republic of Belarus. This honorary title gives us certain rights and obligations that are fixed in the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus.


Compiled by I. Lukaševič, A. Žukava, M. Šaŭčuk, U. Nastusievič

Monday, March 11, 2019 3:50 p.m.

Source: official website of the Minsk Regional Executive Committee