Mother's Day is an international holiday in honor of mothers. On this day, it is customary to congratulate mothers and pregnant women, in contrast to International Women's Day, when all female representatives accept congratulations. This day falls on different dates in different countries. Basically, Mother's Day is celebrated around the world on the second Sunday of May, including Ukraine, Estonia, USA, Malta, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Italy, Turkey, Australia, Japan, Belgium, Brazil. In Russia Mother's Day is celebrated on the last Sunday of November, in Egypt – on March 21, in Belarus – on October 14, in Georgia – on March 3, in Armenia – on April 7. In the Republic of Kazakhstan Mother's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of September, in Kyrgyzstan – on the third Sunday of May, in Great Britain – on the first Sunday of March, in Greece – on May 9, and in Poland – on May 26. Swedes and French congratulate their mothers on the last Sunday of May. Serbs – in December. In Spain, Portugal and Lithuania Mother's Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of May. In the Philippines – on May 10.
The holiday comes from the ancient Greek cult of the mother. Official mysteries with ceremonies in honor of Cybele, or Rhea, the Great Mother of the gods, were held in the March Ides throughout the Asia Minor.
The history of the holiday
Honoring of woman-mother has a long history.
From the 17th to the 19th century, the so-called Mothering Sunday was celebrated in Great Britain on the second Sunday of Lent, dedicated to the celebration of mothers throughout the country.
In the United States, Mother's Day was first publicly supported by the famous American pacifist Julia Ward Hove in 1872. According to Julia Ward, “Mother's Day” is the day of the unity of mothers in the struggle for world peace. The concept of Julia Ward did not find wide support either in the United States or in other countries.
In 1907, American Anna Jarvis from Philadelphia took the initiative to honor mothers in memory of her mother. Anna wrote letters to government agencies, legislative bodies and prominent persons with a proposal to devote one day a year to honoring mothers. In 1910, Virginia first adopted Mother's Day as an official holiday. In 1914, US President Woodrow Wilson declared the second Sunday of May a national holiday in honor of all American mothers.
Following the United States, the second Sunday of May was declared a holiday in 23 countries (including: Bahrain, Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, Mexico, Nicaragua, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Australia, Ukraine, Estonia  and others), and more than thirty countries celebrate the holiday on other days.
On July 30, 1996, Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus No. 277 "On the Establishment of a Holiday – Mother's Day" determined its annual celebration on October 14. The document was ratified by A. Lukašenka. In 2018 the date is celebrated for the 23rd time.
On Mother's Day, all women who have learned the joy of motherhood or who are just getting ready to become mothers get congratulations. Classroom hours are held at educational institutions. Solemn events take place throughout the whole week, and not just one day.
The history of the holiday
There are two opinions about the history of this event. According to the first, this is a tribute to mothers, thanks to whom each person has bright, tender and unforgettable feelings and memories, as well as those who taught the first lessons of kindness, morality, spirituality, tolerance and humanity.
The second opinion is that the story of Mother’s Day begins with the religious Orthodox holiday of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin. In the year 910, during the service the Virgin Mary (many recognized the Mother of God in her) revealed herself to people, covering the worshipers with a white veil and thereby trying to protect them. That is why the date of the holiday was decided to coincide with the Intercession day.
Despite the divergence of opinions, this event is a tribute to all mothers for the hard work which strengthens the institution of motherhood and fatherhood, and also develops a sense of responsibility for the upbringing of the younger generation.
Mother's Day is celebrated in many world countries, but only in Belarus it is dedicated to a religious holiday.
The Order of the Mother in Belarus is awarded to women who had given birth and raised 5 or more children, with the fifth child reaching the age of 1 year, and the remaining children must be alive.
The statistics of the Republic of Belarus shows that 53% of the female population lives on its territory, but almost 87% of the state administrative structures are occupied by representatives of the stronger sex. According to the same statistics, the average salary of a woman in the country is almost 81% of the average salary of a man. However, independent studies conducted in this area by UN experts have shown that the real figure is 64%.
of the 4th City Clinical Hospital named after M. Saŭčanka U. Čarnoŭ
The material is based on information from open sources