Law of the Republic of Belarus of June 18, 1993 "On Health Care"

Article 5. The right of foreign citizens and stateless persons on the affordable health care

Foreign citizens and stateless persons permanently residing in the Republic of Belarus have the right to affordable health care on a par with citizens of the Republic of Belarus, unless otherwise provided by legislative acts of the Republic of Belarus and international treaties of the Republic of Belarus.

Foreign citizens and stateless persons temporarily staying or temporarily residing in the Republic of Belarus have the right to affordable health care at the expense of own funds, funds of legal entities and other sources not prohibited by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus, unless otherwise provided by legislative acts of the Republic of Belarus and international treaties of the Republic of Belarus.

In turn, the Republic of Belarus signed a number of international treaties governing the provision of ambulance and emergency and routine medical care.

So, for the citizens of the following CIS member states: the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine procedure for the provision of medical care is determined by the Agreement on the provision of health care for citizens of the Commonwealth assistance of Independent States, signed on March 27, 1997 in Moscow (the list of countries-participants of the Agreement is updated by a MFA letter from 15.07.2014 № 18-37/14623).

In particular, in accordance with this Agreement, regardless of the legal status of a citizen of the Republic of Belarus, health care is provided in the following order:

- ambulance and emergency medical care in sudden acute conditions and diseases that threaten the life of the patient or the health of others, accidents, poisoning, injuries, childbirth and emergency conditions during pregnancy – easily, free and in full;

From the moment when a threat to life or health of a patient or of those around the patient is eliminated and there is the possibility of his transportation, further health care is carried out on paid basis.

- routine care of citizens in the State of temporary residence is provided on paid basis.

In accordance with Article 7 of the Agreement on the provision of medical care to citizens of the Commonwealth of Independent States, working on a contract (employment contract), planned medical assistance is provided at the expense of the employer in the manner and amounts covered by the contract, or at the expense of personal funds of citizens.

In accordance with the above-mentioned letter from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs the Republic of Belarus, Georgia and the Republic of Azerbaijan are not included in the list of countries that are parties to this Agreement. Medical assistance to citizens of these States is in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Belarus of June 18, 1993 "On Health Care".

Also, the Agreement on mutual provision of citizens of the Republic of Belarus, Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic and the Russian Federation equal rights in obtaining ambulance and emergency medical assistance is valid from November 24, 1998.

Medical care to citizens of the Russian Federation is regulated by the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation on the procedure of providing medical assistance to the citizens of the Republic of Belarus in the Russian Federation health institutions and citizens of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Belarus health institutions, signed on January 24, 2006 in St. Petersburg.

In particular,

Article 3. Citizens of the Republic of Belarus, permanently residing in the Russian Federation, have equal rights with citizens of the Russian Federation to health care, including free treatment in state and municipal health institutions of the Russian Federation.

Russian citizens permanently residing in the Republic of Belarus have the same rights as citizens of the Republic of Belarus to health care, including free treatment in state health institutions of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 4: Heroes of the Soviet Union and the Knights of the Order of Glory of three classes of citizens of the Republic of Belarus have equal rights with Russian citizens to health care, including free treatment in state and municipal health care institutions of the Russian Federation.

Heroes of the Soviet Union and the Knights of the Order of Glory of three degrees of the number of Russian citizens have equal rights with citizens of the Republic of Belarus to health care, including free treatment in state health institutions of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 5. The Republic of Belarus citizens temporarily staying and temporarily residing in the Russian Federation have equal rights with citizens of the Russian Federation to receive emergency medical care and medical assistance in case they have during their stay in the Russian Federation diseases that pose a danger to others .

Russian citizens temporarily residing in the Republic of Belarus have the same rights as citizens of the Republic of Belarus to receive emergency medical care and medical assistance in case they have during their stay in the Republic of Belarus socially dangerous diseases.

Article 6. Citizens of the Republic of Belarus who are temporarily staying and temporarily residing in the Russian Federation and working in the institutions (organizations) of the Russian Federation on labor contracts, have equal rights with citizens of the Russian Federation, working in these institutions (organizations), to receive medical assistance in state and municipal health care institutions of the Russian Federation.

Russian citizens temporarily residing on the territory of the Republic of Belarus and working in the institutions of the Republic of Belarus on labor contracts, have equal rights with citizens of the Republic of Belarus, working in these organizations, to receive medical care in public health institutions of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 7. The Republic of Belarus citizens have the right to receive medical care in state and municipal health care institutions of the Russian Federation due to:

  • funds of the Russian Federation federal budget, regional budgets, budgets of municipal institutions of the Russian Federation in cases stipulated in Articles 3-6 of this Agreement;
  • mandatory health insurance funds in accordance with the Russian Federation;
  • personal funds of citizens and other sources not prohibited by legislation of Russian Federation.

Russian citizens have the right to receive medical care in public health institutions of the Republic of Belarus due to:

  • the republican and local budgets of the Republic of Belarus in the cases stipulated in Articles 3-6 of this Agreement;
  • the voluntary medical insurance, personal funds of citizens and other sources not prohibited by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.

On June 30, 2014 the Memorandum between the Government of the Republic of Belarus and the Government of Turkmenistan on cooperation in the field of health care, medical (pharmaceutical) science, education and the provision of medical care to citizens of the Republic of Belarus and Turkmenistan, signed on November 5, 2013 in Ashgabat, came into force.

Article 3 of the Memorandum determined that the citizens of the state of one Party on the territory of the other Party will be given urgent and emergency medical care (services) free of charge.

In accordance with the Agreement between the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus and the Ministry of Health of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on cooperation in the field of health and medical science on April 16, 2002 emergency and urgent medical care to citizens of Vietnam, who are temporarily or permanently on the territory Republic of Belarus, is in an amount sufficient to return the patient to their homeland without dangerous consequences for his health. Payment for urgent and emergency medical care is in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Belarus. Specialized routine medical care provided by one of the Contracting Parties to citizens of another Contracting Party, is carried by the patients on paid basis at a price of the country, which provides services.

In accordance with the Agreement between the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus and the Ministry of Health of the Syrian Arab Republic on cooperation in the field of health and medical science on December 9, 2003, medical care to Syrian citizens who are on the territory of the Republic of Belarus, is based on health insurance. In cases where Syrian citizens who are on the territory of the Republic of Belarus are not provided with medical insurance, all costs of health care are paid by means of these citizens.

In accordance with the Agreement between the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on cooperation in the field of medical science and health care, signed in Moscow on February 17, 1975, citizens of the United Kingdom, which are in need of immediate treatment while they are in the Republic of Belarus, receive medical care under the same conditions as the citizens of the Republic of Belarus, in accordance with current legislation in the field of health care of Belarus. Medical care costs to these citizens, except the expenses normally paid by citizens of Belarus, are paid by the competent authorities of the Republic of Belarus.

In accordance with the letter of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus of 17.07.2015 № 18-19/15974 the Agreement between the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on cooperation in the field of medical science and health care terminates from December 25, 2015.

With the termination of the Agreement, medical care to citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland will be provided in accordance with national law, in particular Article 5 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus of June 18, 1993 "On Health Care".

Please note that from July 1, 2014 the Presidential Decree of April 14, 2014 № 165 "On amendments and additions to the decrees of the President of Republic of Belarus on the insurance activity", according to which order and conditions of compulsory medical insurance of foreign citizens and stateless persons temporarily staying or temporarily residing in the Republic of Belarus, were changed, entered into force.